Publications

La plupart des informations présentées ci-dessous ont été récupérées via RePEc avec l'aimable autorisation de Christian Zimmermann
The Determinants of Consumer Price Dispersion: Evidence from French SupermarketsBook chapterNicoletta Berardi, Patrick Sevestre et Jonathan Thébault, In: The Econometrics of Multi-Dimensional Panels: Theory and Applications, L. Matyas (Eds.), 2017, Volume 50, pp. 427-449, Springer Verlag, 2017

In this chapter, we characterize the dispersion of grocery prices in France based on a large original data set of prices in more than 1500 supermarkets across the country. On average across products, the 90 th percentile of relative prices is 17 percentage points higher than the 10 th . The mean absolute deviation from quarterly average product prices is 5% on average in the French retail sector, and the standard deviation of relative prices is 7%.We show that temporary sales and promotions offer a limited explanation of the observed price dispersion, while the permanent component of price dispersion largely dominates. We find that in France price dispersion across stores essentially results from persistent heterogeneity in retail chains’ national pricing. Indeed, consumer prices are largely determined at a national level by retail groups’ bargaining power with producers and by retail chains’ positioning. We also show, however, that local conditions regarding demand and local competition between supermarkets do explain prices observed in local markets, though to a much lower extent.

Contribution à « Rareté » et « Biens et services de santé »Book chapterBruno Ventelou, In: Dictionnaire des Biens Communs, Marie Cornu, Fabienne Orsi et Judith Rochfeld (Eds.), 2017, PUF, 2017

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Universal Basic IncomeBook chapterAlice Fabre, Stéphane Pallage et Christian Zimmermann, In: The American Middle Class, An Economic Encyclopedia of Progress and Poverty, Robert S. Rycroft (Eds.), 2017, Volume 1, pp. 314-315, ABC-CLIO, 2017

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Networked Markets and Relational ContractsBook chapterMatt Elliott, Benjamin Golub et Matt V. Leduc, In: Web and Internet Economics (13th International Conference, WINE 2017, Bangalore, India, December 17–20, 2017, Proceedings), N.R. Devanur et P. Lu (Eds.), 2017, pp. 402, Springer International Publishing, 2017

Empirical studies of commercial relationships between firms reveal that (i) suppliers encounter situations in which they can gain in the short run by acting opportunistically—for example, delivering a lower quality than promised after being paid; and (ii) good conduct is sustained not exclusively by formal contracts but through informal relationships and the expectation of future business. In such relationships, the need to offer each supplier a large enough share of future business to deter cheating limits the number of supply relationships each buyer can sustain. The market thus becomes networked, with trade restricted to durable relationships. We propose and analyze a simple dynamic model to examine the structure of such overlapping relational contracts in equilibrium. Due to exogenous stochastic shocks, suppliers are not always able to make good on their promises even if they wish to, and so links are constantly dissolving and new ones are forming to take their place. This induces a Markov process on networks. We study how the stationary distribution over networks depends on the parameters—most importantly, the value of trade and the probability of shocks. When the rate at which shocks hit increases, as might happen during an economic downturn, maintaining incentive compatibility with suppliers requires promising each more future business and this necessitates maintaining fewer relationships with suppliers. This results in a destruction of social capital, and even if the rate of shocks later returns to its former level, it can take considerable time for social capital to be rebuilt because of search frictions. This creates a novel way for shocks to be persistent. It also suggests new connections between the theory of relational contracting, on the one hand, and the macroeconomic analysis of recessions, on the other.

Introduction (Chapter1)Book chapterKazuo Nishimura, Alain Venditti et Nicholas C. Yannelis, In: Sunspots and Non-Linear Dynamics - Essays in Honor of Jean-Michel Grandmont, K. Nishimura, A. Venditti et N. C. Yannelis (Eds.), 2017, Volume 31, pp. 1-11, Springer-Verlag, 2017

This chapter presents a brief overview of the career and main contributions of Professor Jean-Michel Grandmont. It also provides a summarized description of the 16 papers written in his honor by his friends and colleagues.

Justice sociale et durabilité environnementaleBook chapterFeriel Kandil, In: La démocratie face aux enjeux environnementaux. La transition écologique, Y. C. Zarka (Eds.), 2017, 2017

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Une série de notices sur sur "Economie du logiciel libre", "Systèmes ouverts", "Musique libre", "Jamendo"Book chapterJean-Benoît Zimmermann, In: Dictionnaire des Biens Communs, Marie Cornu, Fabienne Orsi et Judith Rochfeld (Eds.), 2017, PUF, 2017

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