La plupart des informations présentées ci-dessous ont été récupérées via RePEc avec l'aimable autorisation de Christian Zimmermann
Education and polygamy: Evidence from CameroonJournal articlePierre André et Yannick Dupraz, Journal of Development Economics, Volume 162, pp. 103068, 2023

Has secular education contributed to the decline of polygamy in Africa? To answer this question, we study a wave of public school construction in late-colonial Cameroon. Our difference-in-differences and event-study specifications show that school openings have simultaneously increased education and the chances to be in a polygamous union for men and, more surprisingly, for women. We estimate a structural model of marriage to explain why education made women more likely to be in a polygamous union. The main estimated channel is marriage to educated men who are more often polygamists than uneducated men, not direct preferences for polygamy.

New Challenges for Macroeconomic Policies: Economic Growth, Sustainable Development, Fiscal and Monetary PoliciesBookGilles Dufrénot, 2023-03, XXIV,451 pages, Springer International Publishing, 2023

This book examines the economic policies that will underpin the evolution of growth in industrialised economies in coming decades. The change in focus of policymakers away from short-term regulation and policies towards problems of structural change is discussed in relation to the Taylor rule and Fisher relationship. Both empirical observations and quantitative analyses are utilised to explore diverse but interrelating topics, including interest rates dynamics, macroeconomic equilibrium, economic vulnerability, poverty and inequality, environmental sustainability, and monetary and fiscal policies.
This book aims to propose policies that can produce economic growth without compromising social stability and environmental balances. It will be of interest to researchers and policymakers working within economic development and policy.

Revisiting fertility regulation and family ties in TunisiaJournal articleOlfa Frini et Christophe Muller, BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, Volume 23, Issue 1, pp. 88, 2023

We revisit fertility regulation in Tunisia by examining the role of the extended family. As marriage is the exclusive acknowledged childbearing context, we examine fertility analysis in Tunisia through the sequence: woman’s marriage age, post-marriage delay in the first use of contraception, and past and current contraceptive use. We trace the family socio-economic influences that operate through these decisions.

Ekeland variational principle on quasi-weighted graphs: improving the work–family balanceJournal articleM. R. Alfuraidan, M. A. Khamsi et Antoine Soubeyran, Journal of Fixed Point Theory and Applications, Volume 25, Issue 1, pp. 29, 2023

We prove a new minimization theorem in weighted graphs endowed with a quasi-metric distance, which improves the graphical version of the Ekeland variational principle discovered recently (Alfuraidan and Khamsi in Proc Am Math Soc 147:5313–5321, 2019). As a powerful application in behavioral sciences, we consider how to improve the quality of life in the context of the work–family balance problem, using the recent variational rationality approach of stay and change human dynamics (Soubeyran in Variational Rationality, a Theory of Individual Stability and Change: Worthwhile and Ambidextry Behaviors. Preprint. GREQAM, Aix Marseille University, 2009; Soubeyran in Variational Rationality. The Resolution of Goal Conflicts Via Stop and Go Approach-Avoidance Dynamics. Preprint. AMSE, Aix-Marseille University, 2021).

One size may not fit all: Financial fragmentation and European monetary policiesJournal articleCéline Gimet et Marie-Hélène Gagnon, Review of International Economics, Volume 31, Issue 1, pp. 305-340, 2023

This article investigates the impact of European Central Bank policies on credits considering financial and banking fragmentation. Using European data from the past decade, we estimate SVAR models to analyze the regional impact of conventional and unconventional measures on price and volume indicators of fragmentation. The risk-taking channel is studied using GVAR models to document the national consequences of this fragmentation. We find that unconventional measures increase credit in peripheral countries. Monetary policies alleviate fragmentation, but mostly in terms of price dispersion rather than credit volume. Finally, unconventional measures imply a rebalancing of European bank assets in favor of foreign currency denominated-assets.

Robust Ekeland variational principles. Application to the formation and stability of partnershipsJournal articleMajid Fakhar, Mohammadreza Khodakhah, Antoine Soubeyran et Jafar Zafarani, Optimization, Volume 72, Issue 1, pp. 215-239, 2023

This paper has two parts. The mathematical part provides generalized versions of the robust Ekeland variational principle in terms of set-valued EVP with variable preferences, uncertain parameters and changing weights given to vectorial perturbation functions. The behavioural part that motivates our findings models the formation and stability of a partnership in a changing, uncertain and complex environment in the context of the variational rationality approach of stop, continue and go human dynamics. Our generalizations allow us to consider two very important psychological effects relative to ego depletion and goal gradient hypothesis.

Looking for a hyper polyhedron within the multidimensional space of Design Space from the results of Designs of ExperimentsJournal articleDiane Manzon, Badih Ghattas, Magalie Claeys-Bruno, Sophie Declomesnil, Christophe Carité et Michelle Sergent, Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems, Volume 232, pp. 104712, 2023

In pharmaceutical studies, the Quality by Design (QbD) approach is increasingly being implemented to improve product development. Product quality is tested at each step of the manufacturing process, allowing a better process understanding and a better risk management, thus avoiding manufacturing defects. A key element of QbD is the construction of a Design Space (DS), i.e., a region in which the specifications on the output parameters should be met. Among the various possible construction methods, Designs of Experiments (DoE), and more precisely Response Surface Methodology, represent a perfectly adapted tool. The DS obtained may have any geometrical shape; consequently, the acceptable variation range of an input may depend on the value of other inputs. However, the experimenters would like to directly know the variation range of each input so that their variation domains are independent. In this context, we developed a method to determine the “Proven Acceptable Independent Range” (PAIR). It consists of looking for all the hyper polyhedra included in the multidimensional DS and selecting a hyper polyhedron according to various strategies. We will illustrate the performance of our method on different DoE cases.

Religious leaders and rule of lawJournal articleSultan Mehmood et Avner Seror, Journal of Development Economics, Volume 160, pp. 102974, 2023

In this paper, we provide systematic evidence of how historical religious institutions affect the rule of law. In a difference-in-differences framework, we show that districts in Pakistan where the historical presence of religious institutions is higher, rule of law is worse. This deterioration is economically significant, persistent, and likely explained by religious leaders gaining political office. We explain these findings with a model where religious leaders leverage their high legitimacy to run for office and subvert the Courts. We test for and find no evidence supporting several competing explanations: the rise of secular wealthy landowners, dynastic political leaders and changes in voter attitudes are unable to account for the patterns in the data. Our estimates indicate that religious leaders expropriate rents through the legal system amounting to about 0.06 percent of GDP every year.

Endometriosis, infertility and occupational life: women's plea for recognitionJournal articleLetizia Gremillet, Antoine Netter, Irène Sari-Minodier, Laura Miquel, Arnaud Lacan et Blandine Courbiere, BMC Women's Health, Volume 23, Issue 1, pp. 29, 2023

The objective of this study was to explore and describe the specificities of the occupational life of infertile endometriotic women treated by in vitro fertilization. We conducted a qualitative monocentric study between December 2020 and June 2021. Twelve semi-structured in-depth interviews using a theme-based interview guide with open questions were undertaken with infertile women with deep infiltrating endometriosis. Data analysis was conducted using an inductive approach according to the grounded theory method. Three main themes emerged from the interviews: (i) barriers to reconciling illness and work life, (ii) facilitating factors for well-being at work, and (iii) consequences and outlooks. It appeared that the time of infertility treatment represents a particular period of change in the working lives of women with endometriosis. For most women, these changes are experienced negatively, often with a renunciation of goals. For others, this is the time to communicate the difficulties linked to their illness to their professional entourage. There is a long path ahead to finally achieving recognition of endometriosis in the context of professional life.

Spatial PolarisationJournal articleFabio Cerina, Elisa Dienesch, Alessio Moro et Michelle Rendall, The Economic Journal, Volume 133, Issue 649, pp. 30-69, 2023

We document the emergence of spatial polarisation in the United States during the 1980–2008 period. This phenomenon is characterised by stronger employment polarisation in larger cities, both at the occupational and the worker levels. We quantitatively evaluate the role of technology in generating these patterns by constructing and calibrating a spatial equilibrium model. We find that faster skill-biased technological change in larger cities can account for a substantial fraction of spatial polarisation in the United States. Counterfactual exercises suggest that the differential increase in the share of low-skilled workers across city size is due mainly to the large demand by high-skilled workers for low-skilled services and, to a smaller extent, to the higher complementarity between low- and high-skilled workers in production relative to middle-skilled workers.