Petros Milionis

amse seminar

Petros Milionis

University of Groningen
The international epidemiological transition and the education gender gap

VC Cinéma le Miroir

Centre de la Vieille-Charité - Cinéma le Miroir

Centre de la Vieille Charité
2 rue de la Charité
13002 Marseille

Lundi 6 mars 2017| 14:30 - 16:00

Timothée Demont : timothee.demont[at]
Roberta Ziparo : rziparo[at]


We explore the impact of the international epidemiological transition on educational outcomes of males and females over the second half of the 20th century. We provide clear evidence that the large declines in mortality rates from infectious diseases that followed the transition gave rise to di¤erential life expectancy gains across genders, with females bene-…ting more due to their greater responsiveness to vaccination. We also document that these gender di¤erences in life expectancy gains were subsequently re‡ected in similar di¤erential increases in educational outcomes for males and females. Using an instrumental variables strategy that exploits pre-intervention variation in mortality rates across di¤erent infectious diseases, we con…rm the causal nature of these e¤ects and show that the magnitude of the e¤ects account for a large share of the reduction in the education gender gap that emerged over this period.