Quentin Lippmann

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Quentin Lippmann

AMSE
Side-effects of gender quotas in politics: Existence and resilience in single-member districts
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IBD Salle 16

Îlot Bernard du Bois - Salle 16

AMU - AMSE
5-9 boulevard Maurice Bourdet
13001 Marseille

Date(s)
Jeudi 3 octobre 2019| 12:30 - 13:45
Contact(s)

Gaëtan Fournier : gaetan.fournier[at]univ-amu.fr
Raghul Venkatesh : raghul.venkatesh[at]univ-amu.fr

Résumé

This article investigates the short and long-term side-effects of gender quotas applied to elections in single-member districts. I exploit gender quotas introduced in the French parliamentarian elections in 1997 and 2002. Using elections data from 1979 to 2017 and a difference-in-differences strategy, I show that gender quotas lead to strategic nominations of female candidates in the most difficult constituencies. These strategies gradually disappear for the main left-wing party while they persist up to 15 years later for the main right-wing party. I provide evidence that (i) these strategic nominations are not due to the persistence of incumbents but are consistent with a gender bias and (ii) political parties have different propensities to discriminate against women. From a public policy perspective, the findings suggest that gender quotas applied to elections in single-member districts are not doomed to failure.