Timothée Demont : timothee.demont[at]univ-amu.fr
Alice Fabre : alice.fabre[at]univ-amu.fr
In 1973, Indonesia began one of the largest school construction programs ever. Exploiting variation across birth cohorts and districts in the number of schools built suggests education benefits for men and women persist 43 years after the program. Exposed men are more likely to be formal workers, work outside agriculture, and migrate. Women are more likely to migrate and have fewer children. Their households have improved living standards and pay more government taxes. Education benefits are transmitted to their children, particularly from mothers to daughters. Intergenerational results are driven by improved marriage partner’s characteristics, including more education and secure employment.