Victor Gay

economics and history seminar

Victor Gay

Toulouse School of Economics
The missing men: World War I and female labor force participation
Co-écrit avec
Jörn Boehnke

IBD Salle 17

Îlot Bernard du Bois - Salle 17

5-9 boulevard Maurice Bourdet
13001 Marseille

Mercredi 2 octobre 2019| 14:30 - 16:00

Jean Boutier : jean.boutier[at]
Cecilia Garcia-Peñalosa : cecilia.garcia-penalosa[at]
Eric Roca Fernandez : eric.roca-fernandez[at]
Alain Trannoy : alain.trannoy[at]
Arundhati Virmani : arundhati.virmani[at]


Using spatial variation in World War I military fatalities in France, we show that the scarcity of men due to the war generated an upward shift in female labor force participation that persisted throughout the interwar period. Increased female labor supply accounts for this result: deteriorated marriage market conditions for single women and negative income shocks to war widows induced many of these women to enter the labor force after the war. In contrast, available data suggests that demand factors such as substitution toward female labor to compensate for the scarcity of male labor were of second-order importance.