Trade, Tariffs and Total Factor Productivity: The Case of Spanish FirmsJournal articleMarion Dovis et Juliette Milgram-Baleix, The World Economy, Volume 32, Issue 4, pp. 575-605, 2009

Abstract The aim of this paper is to examine the sensitivity of total factor productivity (TFP) to foreign competition in the case of a European country. Using the Olley and Pakes method, we calculate the TFP of Spanish manufacturing firms and study the impact of EU tariffs and the presence of foreign products and imports on TFP at the firm level. Applying the System-GMM method, we find that TFP is negatively impacted by European tariffs, whereas competition in the form of the increased presence of foreign products in the domestic market and firm imports leads to improvements in the TFP. Moreover, these two effects are complementary. We also find evidence of important asymmetries among firms depending on their involvement in foreign markets. Copyright 2009 The Authors. Journal compilation 2009 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Formulation et estimation des modèles de mesure de la productivité totale des facteurs : une étude sur un panel d'entreprises turquesJournal articleMarion Dovis, Revue d'économie politique, Volume 119, Issue 6, pp. 945-982, 2009

This work deals with the various methods of measuring total factor productivity (TFP) at the firm level (index numbers, data envelopment analysis, stochastic frontier, semi-parametric method and generalized method of moments). These methods are investigated both from a theoretical and empirical viewpoint with a panel of Turkish firms in order to highlight their similarities and dissimilarities. Our main results indicate that these methods do not estimate precisely the same components included in the TFP concept. Thus, the appropriate choice of the method appears to depend firstly on what we want to identify and secondly on the characteristics of data such as measurement errors and technology heterogeneity.

Le Processus de Sélection des Entreprises Espagnoles sur le Marché des ExportationsJournal articleMarion Dovis, Région et Développement, Volume 29, pp. 181-202, 2009

The aim of this work is to study the self-selection hypothesis on export markets assuming, firstly, that it is an exogenous process (random self-selection) and, secondly, that it is an endogenous process (conscious self-selection). Econometric estimates confirm recent empirical results according to which exporters are larger and more productive, and are involved in foreign markets. We also find strong evidence supporting the idea that self-selection is a conscious process. Thereby, firms increase their productivity with the aim of becoming exporters.

Do sunk exporting costs differ among markets? Evidence from Spanish manufacturing firmsJournal articleJosé Vicente Blanes-Cristóbal, Marion Dovis, Juliette Milgram-Baleix et Ana I. Moro-Egido, Economics Letters, Volume 101, Issue 2, pp. 110-112, 2008

We test whether sunk exporting costs differ among markets. Our results confirm that during 1990-2002, sunk exporting costs were relevant for Spanish firms, and differed depending on the destination market. Besides, the costs to enter/re-enter were higher in developed markets.