Van Ypersele


Traders, courts, and the border effect puzzleJournal articleTanguy van Ypersele et Alessandro Turrini, Regional Science and Urban Economics, Volume 40, Issue 2-3, pp. 81-91, 2010

Although there is mounting empirical evidence that the mere presence of borders contribute to reduce trade significantly, there is no firm view on what are the reasons underlying this phenomenon. This paper investigates the role played by asymmetries in judicial systems in driving the "border effect". First, we provide evidence that differences in the judicial system matter for the volume of trade flows. Variables capturing the extent of asymmetries in the procedures to settle trade litigations perform significantly in estimation both across OECD countries and across French regions. Second, we develop a matching model of trade showing that such asymetries in the legal system fragment trade through a mechanism which is essentially different compared with that of transport costs or formal trade barriers.

Education, corruption, and the distribution of incomeJournal articleCecilia Garcia-Peñalosa, Tanguy van Ypersele et Theo S. Eicher, Journal of Economic Growth, Volume 14, Issue 3, pp. 205-231, 2009

No abstract is available for this item.

Individual protection against property crime: decomposing the effects of protection observabilityJournal articleLouis Hotte et Tanguy van Ypersele, Canadian Journal of Economics, Volume 41, Issue 2, pp. 537-563, 2008

We re-examine the efficiency of observable and unobservable crime protection decisions with new results and insights. Observable protection is unambiguously associated with a negative externality. At the individual level, it reduces the crime effort, but its unit payoff remains unchanged. Conversely, unobservable protection reduces the unit payoff and has no effect on the crime effort exerted, though it deters crime globally. A decrease in the global crime payoff is detrimental to a victim if protection is observable, while it is beneficial when unobservable. While observable protection has a positive diversion effect, it has the opposite effect when unobservable.

Voting on Tariff and RetaliationJournal articleTanguy van Ypersele, The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp. 1-14, 2006

In this paper, we analyze the trade war between two large countries when the trade policy is decided through majority voting. We show how the distributive aspect of trade policy interacts with the strategic aspect. It is shown that the voting equilibrium depends on the distribution of the factor endowment. If median voters in each country own relatively more (less) than the aggregate economy of the factor used intensively in the production of the imported good, the tariffs outcome of the trade war at home (abroad) is larger (lower) than the Johnson-Mayer one. This is to say that the strategic effects from trade policy can be isolated from the distributive aspect. Moreover, an increase of the median of the scarce/abundant factor distribution in one country leads to a larger tariff in this country and a lower tariff in the other. This implies that the political situation in one country affects the outcome of the trade war for both.

Coordination of capital taxation among asymmetric countriesJournal articleSusana Peralta et Tanguy van Ypersele, Regional Science and Urban Economics, Volume 36, Issue 6, pp. 708-726, 2006

This paper tackles the issue of international fiscal coordination in a world of integrated markets sovereign national governments. Taxation of mobile capital and immobile labor in order to finance a public good generates inefficient fiscal competition. Two fiscal reforms are considered: a minimum capital tax level and a tax range, i.e., a minimum plus a maximum capital tax level. We show that the introduction of a lower bound to the capital tax level is never preferred to fiscal competition by all countries while there always exists a combination of both a lower and an upper bound which is unanimously accepted.

Should countries control international profit shifting?Journal articleSusana Peralta, Xavier Wauthy et Tanguy van Ypersele, Journal of International Economics, Volume 68, Issue 1, pp. 24-37, 2006

This paper presents a fiscal competition model in which policy decisions are not only corporate taxes but also whether or not to control the multinational firms'(MNF) profit shifting activities. MNFs manipulate transfer prices as a means to shift profits from high to low tax countries. National governments may hinder such a behavior by monitoring the MNF's accounts. We show that a country may optimally decide not to monitor the MNF for two different reasons. On the one hand, that makes it anattractive location for the MFN even if the corporate tax is high. On the other hand, not monitoring increases the mobility of the MFN's profits. This shifts the focus of tax competition in that corporate taxation then influences not only the MNF's location as the place where it declares its profits.

Comment favoriser l'innovation dans le secteur pharmaceutique : brevets et/ou récompenses ?Journal articlePaul Belleflamme et Tanguy van Ypersele, Reflets et perspectives de la vie économique, Volume XLV, Issue 4, pp. 23-35, 2006

Because the patent system is nowadays under criticisms, it is legitimate to question whether patents provide the best incentive mechanism for innovation. Wouldn?t it be preferable to base incentives on a reward system? This is the question addressed in this article, first in a general perspective and then, by considering the specific case of the pharmaceutical industry. JEL code ? L51, L65, L88, 034.

Factor endowments and welfare levels in an asymmetric tax competition gameJournal articleSusana Peralta et Tanguy van Ypersele, Journal of Urban Economics, Volume 57, Issue 2, pp. 258-274, 2005

No abstract is available for this item.

Market size and tax competitionJournal articleGianmarco I. P. Ottaviano et Tanguy van Ypersele, Journal of International Economics, Volume 67, Issue 1, pp. 25-46, 2005

No abstract is available for this item.

Fiscal competition and regional differentiationJournal articleMoshe Justman, Jacques-François Thisse et Tanguy van Ypersele, Regional Science and Urban Economics, Volume 35, Issue 6, pp. 848-861, 2005

Regions can benefit by offering infrastructure services that are differentiated. Competition between regions over potential investors is then less direct, allowing them to realize greater benefits from external investors. The two polar cases of full and incomplete information about investors' needs are studied. In both cases, there is regional differentiation. However, fiscal competition is efficient in the former case but not in the latter. Finally, it is shown that free entry in the location market calls for some regulation because of the excessive number of competing regions that would prevail in equilibrium.