La plupart des informations présentées ci-dessous ont été récupérées via RePEc avec l'aimable autorisation de Christian Zimmermann
Ekeland variational principle on quasi-weighted graphs: improving the work–family balanceJournal articleM. R. Alfuraidan, M. A. Khamsi et Antoine Soubeyran, Journal of Fixed Point Theory and Applications, Volume 25, Issue 1, pp. 29, 2023

We prove a new minimization theorem in weighted graphs endowed with a quasi-metric distance, which improves the graphical version of the Ekeland variational principle discovered recently (Alfuraidan and Khamsi in Proc Am Math Soc 147:5313–5321, 2019). As a powerful application in behavioral sciences, we consider how to improve the quality of life in the context of the work–family balance problem, using the recent variational rationality approach of stay and change human dynamics (Soubeyran in Variational Rationality, a Theory of Individual Stability and Change: Worthwhile and Ambidextry Behaviors. Preprint. GREQAM, Aix Marseille University, 2009; Soubeyran in Variational Rationality. The Resolution of Goal Conflicts Via Stop and Go Approach-Avoidance Dynamics. Preprint. AMSE, Aix-Marseille University, 2021).

One size may not fit all: Financial fragmentation and European monetary policiesJournal articleCéline Gimet et Marie-Hélène Gagnon, Review of International Economics, Volume 31, Issue 1, pp. 305-340, 2023

This article investigates the impact of European Central Bank policies on credits considering financial and banking fragmentation. Using European data from the past decade, we estimate SVAR models to analyze the regional impact of conventional and unconventional measures on price and volume indicators of fragmentation. The risk-taking channel is studied using GVAR models to document the national consequences of this fragmentation. We find that unconventional measures increase credit in peripheral countries. Monetary policies alleviate fragmentation, but mostly in terms of price dispersion rather than credit volume. Finally, unconventional measures imply a rebalancing of European bank assets in favor of foreign currency denominated-assets.

Endometriosis, infertility and occupational life: women's plea for recognitionJournal articleLetizia Gremillet, Antoine Netter, Irène Sari-Minodier, Laura Miquel, Arnaud Lacan et Blandine Courbiere, BMC Women's Health, Volume 23, Issue 1, pp. 29, 2023

The objective of this study was to explore and describe the specificities of the occupational life of infertile endometriotic women treated by in vitro fertilization. We conducted a qualitative monocentric study between December 2020 and June 2021. Twelve semi-structured in-depth interviews using a theme-based interview guide with open questions were undertaken with infertile women with deep infiltrating endometriosis. Data analysis was conducted using an inductive approach according to the grounded theory method. Three main themes emerged from the interviews: (i) barriers to reconciling illness and work life, (ii) facilitating factors for well-being at work, and (iii) consequences and outlooks. It appeared that the time of infertility treatment represents a particular period of change in the working lives of women with endometriosis. For most women, these changes are experienced negatively, often with a renunciation of goals. For others, this is the time to communicate the difficulties linked to their illness to their professional entourage. There is a long path ahead to finally achieving recognition of endometriosis in the context of professional life.

Spatial PolarisationJournal articleFabio Cerina, Elisa Dienesch, Alessio Moro et Michelle Rendall, The Economic Journal, Volume 133, Issue 649, pp. 30-69, 2023

We document the emergence of spatial polarisation in the United States during the 1980–2008 period. This phenomenon is characterised by stronger employment polarisation in larger cities, both at the occupational and the worker levels. We quantitatively evaluate the role of technology in generating these patterns by constructing and calibrating a spatial equilibrium model. We find that faster skill-biased technological change in larger cities can account for a substantial fraction of spatial polarisation in the United States. Counterfactual exercises suggest that the differential increase in the share of low-skilled workers across city size is due mainly to the large demand by high-skilled workers for low-skilled services and, to a smaller extent, to the higher complementarity between low- and high-skilled workers in production relative to middle-skilled workers.

Can labour market institutions mitigate the China syndrome? Evidence from regional labour markets in EuropeJournal articleJan-Luca Hennig, The World Economy, Volume 46, Issue 1, pp. 55-84, 2023

This paper investigates how labour market regulations alter the adverse impact of rising import competition from China in European local labour markets between 1997 and 2006. The paper constructs measures of regional exposure to Chinese imports based on previous literature and on regional labour market frictions exploiting involuntary labour reallocations. Taking into account the endogeneity of import competition and its interaction with labour market regulations, the paper finds that regions more exposed to the rise of China have suffered from a reduction in manufacturing employment shares. This shock grows larger with regional labour market frictions; hence, it exacerbates the impact of trade shock on employment. Moreover, the paper finds that employment in public services, and not in construction or private services sector, absorbed the negative shock to the manufacturing sector. The unemployment rate, the labour force participation rate and wages in all sectors are unresponsive to import competition from China.

Nursing homes and mortality in Europe: Uncertain causalityJournal articleXavier Flawinne, Mathieu Lefebvre, Sergio Perelman, Pierre Pestieau et Jérôme Schoenmaeckers, Health Economics, Volume 32, Issue 1, pp. 134-154, 2023

The current health crisis has particularly affected the elderly population. Nursing homes have unfortunately experienced a relatively large number of deaths. On the basis of this observation and working with European data (from SHARE), we want to check whether nursing homes were lending themselves to excess mortality even before the pandemic. Controlling for a number of important characteristics of the elderly population in and outside nursing homes, we conjecture that the difference in mortality between those two samples is to be attributed to the way nursing homes are designed and organized. Using matching methods, we observe excess mortality in Sweden, Belgium, Germany, Switzerland, Czech Republic and Estonia but not in the Netherlands, Denmark, Austria, France, Luxembourg, Italy and Spain. This raises the question of the organization and management of these nursing homes, but also of their design and financing.