Garcia-Penalosa

Publications

Political versus economic institutions in the growth processJournal articleEmmanuel Flachaire, Cecilia Garcia-Peñalosa et Maty Konte, Journal of Comparative Economics, Volume 42, Issue 1, pp. 212-229, 2014

After a decade of research on the relationship between institutions and growth, there is no consensus about the exact way in which these two variables interact. In this paper we re-examine the role that institutions play in the growth process using data for developed and developing economies over the period 1975–2005. Our results indicate that the data is best described by an econometric model with two growth regimes. Political institutions are the key determinant of which regime an economy belongs to, while economic institutions have a direct impact on growth rates within each regime. These findings support the hypothesis that political institutions are one of the deep causes of growth, setting the stage in which economic institutions and standard covariates operate.

Le monde universitaire, un laboratoire d'analyse des différences d'avancement de carrière des hommes et des femmesJournal articleClément Bosquet, Cecilia Garcia-Peñalosa et Pierre-Philippe Combes, Regards croisés sur l'économie, Volume 15, Issue 2, pp. 158-165, 2014

Focusing on the promotion system for French academics, the authors aim at understanding the causes behind the underrepresentation of women among the highest positions. Three potential explanations are tested: gender discrimination, self-selection of women into competition, and poorer performance of women in contests conditional on applying for promotion. A rich database including information on candidates, those eligible to be candidates and the results of competitive examinations is used. They find that women have a lower probability to be candidates. It remains to understand why women tend to participate less than men in contests.

On Gender Gaps And Self-Fulfilling Expectations: Alternative Implications Of Paid-For TrainingJournal articleJuan J. Dolado, Cecilia Garcia-Peñalosa et Sara de la Rica, Economic Inquiry, Volume 51, Issue 3, pp. 1829-1848, 2013

This paper presents a model of self-fulfilling expectations by firms and households which generates multiplicity of equilibria in pay and housework time allocation for ex-ante identical spouses. Multiplicity arises from statistical discrimination exerted by firms in the provision of paid-for training to workers, rather than from incentive problems in the labor market. Employers' beliefs about differences in spouses' reactions to housework shocks lead to symmetric (ungendered) and asymmetric (gendered) equilibria. We find that: (1) the ungendered equilibrium tends to prevail as aggregate productivity in the economy increases (regardless of the generosity of family aid policies), (2) the ungendered equilibrium could yield higher welfare under some scenarios, and (3) gender-neutral job subsidies are more effective that gender-targeted ones in removing the gendered equilibrium.

Factor Components of Inequality: A Cross-Country StudyJournal articleCecilia Garcia-Peñalosa et Elsa Orgiazzi, Review of Income and Wealth, Volume 59, Issue 4, pp. 689-727, 2013

This paper uses data from the Luxembourg Income Study to examine some of the forces that have driven changes in household income inequality over the last three decades of the twentieth century. We decompose inequality for six countries (Canada, Germany, Norway, Sweden, the U.K., and the U.S.) into the three sources of market income (earnings, property income, and income from self-employment) and taxes and transfers. Our findings indicate that although changes in the distribution of earnings are an important force behind recent trends, they are not the only one. Greater earnings dispersion has in some cases been accompanied by a reduction in the share of earnings which dampened its impact on overall household income inequality. In some countries the contribution of self-employment income to inequality has been on the rise, while in others, increases in inequality in capital income account for a substantial fraction of the observed distributional changes.

Une analyse microéconomique du gage patrimonial dans l'aide aux personnes dépendantesJournal articleSophie P. Thiébaut, Bruno Ventelou, Cecilia Garcia-Peñalosa et Alain Trannoy, Revue Économique, Volume 63, Issue 2, pp. 339-372, 2012

This paper examines the possible reform of the system of aid to dependent individuals (apa), a reform aimed at recovering the subsidies awarded from the individual?s bequest. We develop a theoretical model with a dependent parent and an offspring that can potentially act as informal carer. The parent decides how much formal aid to buy, while the offspring decides how much informal care to provide to her parent. The model is solved for three cases: no altruism, altruism from bequests (towards a surviving spouse or offspring), and altruism towards the parent. We show that recovering the subsidy from the bequest increases the amount of informal aid supplied by a non-altruist offspring, while the versions with altruism yield ambiguous results. Classification JEL : D11, D3

Taxation and Income Distribution Dynamics in a Neoclassical Growth ModelJournal articleCecilia Garcia-Peñalosa et Stephen J. Turnovsky, Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Volume 43, Issue 8, pp. 1543-1577, 2011

We examine how changes in tax policies affect the dynamics of the distributions of wealth and income in a Ramsey model in which agents differ in their initial capital endowment. The endogeneity of the labor supply plays a crucial role in determining inequality, as tax changes that affect hours of work will affect the distribution of wealth and income, reinforcing or offsetting the direct redistributive impact of taxes. Our results indicate that tax policies that reduce the labor supply are associated with lower output but also with a more equal distribution of after-tax income. We illustrate these effects by examining the impact of recent tax changes observed in the US and in European economies.

Income distribution, economic growth and European integrationJournal articleCecilia Garcia-Peñalosa, Journal of Economic Inequality, Volume 8, Issue 3, pp. 277-292, 2010

No abstract is available for this item.

Labour Market Institutions and the Personal Distribution of Income in the OECDJournal articleCecilia Garcia-Peñalosa et Daniele Checchi, Economica, Volume 77, Issue 307, pp. 413-450, 2010

A large literature has studied the impact of labour market institutions on wage inequality, but their effect on income inequality has received little attention. This paper argues that personal income inequality depends on the wage differential, the labour share and the unemployment rate. Labour market institutions affect income inequality through these three channels, and their overall effect is theoretically ambiguous. We use a panel of OECD countries for the period 1960-2000 to examine these effects. We find that greater unionization and greater wage bargaining coordination have opposite effects on inequality, implying conflicting effects of greater union presence on income inequality. Copyright (c) The London School of Economics and Political Science 2009.

The Dynamics Of Wealth Inequality In A Simple Ramsey Model: A Note On The Role Of Production FlexibilityJournal articleCecilia Garcia-Peñalosa et Stephen J. Turnovsky, Macroeconomic Dynamics, Volume 13, Issue 02, pp. 250-262, 2009

No abstract is available for this item.

Education, corruption, and the distribution of incomeJournal articleCecilia Garcia-Peñalosa, Tanguy van Ypersele et Theo S. Eicher, Journal of Economic Growth, Volume 14, Issue 3, pp. 205-231, 2009

No abstract is available for this item.