Daniele Angelini

phd seminar

Daniele Angelini

European University Institute
Age composition of demand and secular stagnation
Joint with
Max Brès
Venue

IBD Salle 21

Îlot Bernard du Bois - Salle 21

AMU - AMSE
5-9 boulevard Maurice Bourdet
13001 Marseille

Date(s)
Tuesday, October 20 2020| 11:00am to 11:45am
Contact(s)

Anushka Chawla: anushka.chawla[at]univ-amu.fr
Kenza Elass: kenza.elass[at]univ-amu.fr
Carolina Ulloa Suarez: carolina.ulloa-suarez[at]univ-amu.fr

Abstract

We analyze the effect of demographic changes on labor productivity through the demand channel. We document the relevance of this channel using the change in the age composition of the demand coming from abroad and find that an aging demand has a non-monotonic effect on the economy as, relative to young consumers, only middle-aged consumers are associated with lower productivity. We rationalize our findings using a sequential search model in which middle-aged consumers have higher search costs relative to young consumers (who are more efficient in searching) and old consumers (who have a lower opportunity cost of time). An increase in the share of middle-aged consumers increases firms’ market power and reduces the incentive to invest in technologies with depressing effects on productivity. We estimate the model using our empirical findings and provide evidence that the change in the age composition of demand has been an important driver of the slowing down of the labor productivity growth in aging economies between 1995 and 2007