Linguistic distance and migration in India over the 20th century
Latika Chaudhary, James Fenske
Thursday, March 9 2023| 12:30pm to 1:30pm
Nathalie Ferrière: nathalie.ferriere[at]sciencespo-aix.fr
Federico Trionfetti: federico.trionfetti[at]univ-amu.fr
Does linguistic distance matter for internal migrations? To answer this question, we study India over the course of the 20th century. We use historical and present-day census data to compute bilateral migration flows and linguistic distance between pairs of districts in 1901 and in 2011. We estimate a gravity model of migration and find that linguistic distance mattered twice more in 1901 than in 2011. A regression discontinuity design at the border of linguistic regions confirms the findings.