Joutard

Publications

Recours aux arrêts-maladie et au temps partiel thérapeutique après un diagnostic de cancerBook chapterCaroline Alleaume, Philippe-Jean Bousquet, Xavier Joutard, Alain Paraponaris, Patrick Peretti-Watel and Valerie Seror, In: La vie cinq ans après un diagnostic de cancer, MK Ben Diane, AD Bouhnik, J Mancini and P. Peretti-Watel (Eds.), 2018-06, pp. 222-242:Ch13, INCa, 2018

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Trajectoires professionnelles après un diagnostic de cancerBook chapterCaroline Alleaume, Philippe-Jean Bousquet, Xavier Joutard, Alain Paraponaris, Patrick Peretti-Watel and Valerie Seror, In: La vie cinq ans après un diagnostic de cancer, MK Ben Diane, AD Bouhnik, J Mancini and P. Peretti-Watel (Eds.), 2018-06, pp. 202-220:Ch12, INCa, 2018

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Situation professionnelle cinq ans après un diagnostic de cancerBook chapterCaroline Alleaume, Philippe-Jean Bousquet, Xavier Joutard, Alain Paraponaris, Patrick Peretti-Watel, Valerie Seror and Patricia Vernay, In: La vie cinq ans après un diagnostic de cancer, MK Ben Diane, AD Bouhnik, J Mancini and P. Peretti-Watel (Eds.), 2018-06, pp. 174-201:Ch11, INCa, 2018

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Évolution des revenus cinq ans après le diagnostic d’un cancerBook chapterCaroline Alleaume, Xavier Joutard, Lionel Lafay, Alain Paraponaris, Patrick Peretti-Watel and Valerie Seror, In: La vie cinq ans après un diagnostic de cancer, MK Ben Diane, AD Bouhnik, J Mancini and P. Peretti-Watel (Eds.), 2018-06, pp. 150-173:Ch10, INCa, 2018
An Oaxaca decomposition for nonlinear modelsJournal articleStephen Bazen, Xavier Joutard and Brice Magdalou, Journal of Economic and Social Measurement, Volume 42, Issue 2, pp. 101-121, 2017

The widely used Oaxaca decomposition applies to linear models. Extending it to commonly used nonlinear models such as duration models is not straightforward. This paper shows that the original decomposition that uses a linear model can also be obtained by an application of the mean value theorem. By extension, this basis provides a means of obtaining a decomposition formula which applies to nonlinear models which are continuous functions. The detailed decomposition of the explained component is expressed in terms of what are usually referred to as marginal effects. Explicit formulae are provided for the decomposition of some nonlinear models commonly used in applied econometrics including binary choice, duration and Box-Cox models.

Pratiques et impact des activités réduitesJournal articleXavier Joutard, Nathalie Havet and Laila Ait Bihi Ouali, Etudes et Recherches du Pôle Emploi, Volume online, 2016

Ce document présente les résultats des travaux menés sur le thème de l’activité réduite, par cinq laboratoires sélectionnés dans le cadre d’un appel à propositions de recherches lancé par Pôle emploi avec le concours de son conseil scientifique.
Au-delà de la diversité des pratiques observables des activités réduites, plus souvent subies que choisies, leurs effets sont globalement positifs. En permettant de conserver un lien étroit au monde du travail, l’activité réduite évite le plus souvent de s’enfermer dans la précarité et de bénéficier d’un « effet tremplin » pour sortir du chômage et accéder à un emploi plus durable. De plus, dans un contexte où les formes particulières d’emploi se diffusent et deviennent de moins en moins atypiques, l’attitude des recruteurs peut bénéficier à ceux qui ont connu le temps partiel ou les emplois temporaires entrecoupés de périodes de chômage, dès lors que cette situation devient banale dans le métier considéré.

The measurement of unemployment using completed durations: evidence on the gender gap in unemployment in FranceJournal articleStephen Bazen, Xavier Joutard and Mouhamadou M. Niang, Journal of Economic Inequality, Volume 12, Issue 4, pp. 517-534, 2014

This paper examines how unemployment can be measured in a normative fashion - taking into account the mean and inequality of spell lengths - and how the extent of unemployment can be estimated from cross section data of the type found in labour force surveys. The issue is not straightforward since in these surveys completed durations of unemployed individuals are not observed yet they constitute the basis for calculating the kind of index that has been proposed to measure the extent of unemployment in a way that goes beyond the unemployment rate. The index proposed by Shorrocks has robust normative foundations and has an equivalent representation in terms of average complete duration and the density of completed durations. Building upon earlier work applied in the United States for estimating the average completed duration, we present a method that enables the index to be calculated based on an estimate of the density of completed durations. The approach is illustrated in the context of comparing male-female unemployment differences in France, where historically female unemployment has been higher than that of males. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Continuous-Time Markov Model for Transitions between Employment and Non-employment : the Impact of a Cancer DiagnosisJournal articleXavier Joutard, Alain Paraponaris, Luis Sagaon Teyssier and Bruno Ventelou, Annals of Economics and Statistics, Issue 107-108, pp. 239-265, 2012

This article investigates whether a cancer diagnosis can cause a permanent loss in employability. In this regard, we evaluate the impact of cancer on labor market conditions by constructing transition matrices to compare the transitions between occupational states. We obtain a set of statistics based on our estimations by using continuous-time Markov transition processes to study and compare the labor market dynamics in two populations: 1) individuals diagnosed with cancer and 2) individuals free of cancer in the general population. The consequences of cancer diagnosis were measured by the significant deviation in the transition matrix for cancer survivors in comparison to the prior matrix standardized according to the general population. We accounted for the probability that some individuals in the control group (i.e., the general population) could be diagnosed with cancer which is a key-issue in case-control studies. The absence of detailed information about the health statuses of the individuals in the control group required the implementation of the EM algorithm for maximizing the adapted likelihood function. We jointly estimated the probability of being diagnosed with cancer in the control group and the parameters of our model. Given that individuals are exposed differently to cancer depending on their activities, we stratified the dataset by socioeconomic status (SES) for two reasons: 1) to clearly distinguish between the cancer-specific effects and 2) to account for the other stigmatizing factors in the labor market that are inherent to the examined subpopulations (i.e., low- and high-SES groups). We also considered the systematic differences in the subjects' socioeconomic statuses and their abilities to return to work. We determined whether these differences are related to illness (e.g., cancer sites or prognosis) or occupation (e.g., physical demands).

Le service militaire et l'insertion professionnelle des jeunes suivant leur niveau d'étude: Les leçons de la suspension de la conscriptionJournal articlePierre Granier, Olivier Joseph and Xavier Joutard, Revue Économique, Volume 62, Issue 4, pp. 651, 2011

Cet article utilise la suspension de la conscription en France pour évaluer l’effet causal du service national sur différents aspects de l’insertion professionnelle des jeunes. Deux aspects novateurs sont plus particulièrement privilégiés : l’hétérogénéité des effets du traitement selon le niveau de sortie des études et l’influence du service national sur la durée cumulée des épisodes d’emploi. Les résultats obtenus révèlent une forte hétérogénéité des rendements de la conscription. Les rendements salariaux sont positifs pour les jeunes sortants sans diplôme du système scolaire et ceux de niveau bac. Ils sont le plus souvent non significatifs pour les autres. Ces rendements positifs s’expliquent à la fois par la faible ampleur de la perte d’expérience professionnelle – la durée cumulée des épisodes d’emploi diminue peu et même augmente pour les non-diplômés – et par un impact positif sur les premiers salaires.

Endogénéité du statut du répondant dans les enquêtes sur la santé. Quelles implications pour la mesure des besoins d'aide ?Journal articleBérengère Davin, Xavier Joutard, Alain Paraponaris and Pierre Verger, Revue Économique, Volume 60, Issue 2, pp. 275-291, 2009

Most of population health surveys appeal to proxy respondents, when surveyed persons with poor health are not able or do not want to answer the questionnaire by themselves. Yet, it may give rise to a strong endogeneity problem since the use of a proxy respondent is likely to be linked to subjects’ health status. That paper aims at giving a convenient and tractable way to cope with the twofold potential endogeneity of the respondent status in the estimation of two probit equations concerning the need for care with daily activities and unmet or undermet need reported by people aged 60 years and over living in the community. Unlike previous papers dealing with that topic, evidence is found that proxy respondents do not entail any subjectivity when they assess old people’s need for care but they seem to overestimate undermet and unmet need. Classification JEL : C35 ; I12 ; J14.