Kandil

Publications

Ricoeur, Rawls and the Aporia of the JustBook chapterFeriel Kandil, In: The Ambiguity of Justice: New Perspectives on Paul Ricoeur's Approach to Justice, Geoffrey Dierckxsens (Eds.), 2020-07, Volume 25, pp. 169–205, Brill Publishing, 2020

As Ricoeur acknowledges, the publication of Rawls’s book, A Theory of Justice(TJ), in 1971 was a major event in the area of contemporary political philoso-phy. Ricoeur offers important comments on Rawls’s approach to justice. These commentaries are mainly based on a close reading of this book. This article focuses on such commentaries. They are at the same time glowing and critical. Ricoeur expresses his support to Rawls for his illuminating study of justice, seen as a virtue of institutions.
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Justice sociale et durabilité environnementaleBook chapterFeriel Kandil, In: La démocratie face aux enjeux environnementaux. La transition écologique, Y. C. Zarka (Eds.), 2017, 2017

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"La justice est aveugle" Rawls, Harsanyi et le voile d'ignorance.Journal articleFeriel Kandil, Revue Économique, Volume 65, Issue 1, pp. 97-124, 2014

The paper shows that, when dealing with social justice, it is necessary but not sufficient to consider the social evaluator as placed behind a veil of ignorance. Then, her judgements are conform to the moral principle of universalisation and thus are impartial. But the way such judgements should be modelled depends on the interpretation, whether utilitarian or Kantian, given to the universalisation principle. The article compares the utilitarian model of the impartial observer from Harsanyi with the Kantian model of the ignorant observer from Gajdos and Kandil. It defends the latter, which shows that, differently to what Rawls claimed, the maximin is not the unique rule of decision under ignorance. Classification JEL : B41, D60, D63

Fondements de la JusticeBookFeriel Kandil, Fondements de la politique, 2012, 304 pages, Presses Universitaires de France, 2012

C’est par l’injuste que nous entrons dans le domaine de la justice, disait Ricœur. Or, partout, depuis Sidi Bouzid jusqu’à Wall Street, en passant par la place Tahrir et celle de la Puerta del Sol, ceux qui sont victimes de l’injustice crient leur souffrance. Plus que des attentes, ils manifestent des exigences de justice sociale. Mais la justice sociale est-elle possible ? Est-elle réalisable ? Les réponses des théories contemporaines de la justice sont insatisfaisantes. Ainsi que l’a montré Sen, elles se déchirent entre des approches idéales qui s’enferrent dans des considérations vaines sur la société parfaitement juste et des approches comparatives qui proposent une pluralité de critères d’évaluation sociale qui peuvent être contradictoires entre eux.Feriel Kandil se ressaisit de la question en portant l’éclairage sur les conditions de possibilité de la justice sociale, qui sont aussi ses conditions de réalisation. Pour ce faire, elle s’appuie sur les travaux de Paul Ricœur et d’Éric Weil. Une approche renouvelée de la justice est ainsi proposée, qui considère la justice sociale non pas seulement, à la manière de Rawls, comme une vertu des institutions, mais également comme une propriété de la bonne action publique, c’est-à-dire de celle qui contribue au bien-vivre ensemble dans des institutions justes.

Idéale ou comparative : quelle approche pour la justice sociale ?Journal articleFeriel Kandil, Revue Économique, Volume 61, Issue 2, pp. 213-235, 2010

Sen opposes two approaches to social justice. The transcendental one deals with the question of a just society. The comparative approach is about ordering social alternatives. According to Sen, such approaches are exclusive. I discuss the argument and show that the approaches are complementary. The transcendental (or ideal) approach is necessary but needs to be extended with a derivative and comparative approach. Conversely, the comparative approach is necessary but needs some transcendental foundations. The two approaches contribute to the elaboration of a synthetic approach to social justice. Under the latter, the ethical foundations of social evaluations are made explicit. Classification JEL : B41 D60 D63

The ignorant observerJournal articleThibault Gajdos and Feriel Kandil, Social Choice and Welfare, Volume 31, Issue 2, pp. 193-232, 2008

We propose an extension of Harsanyi's Impartial Observer Theorem based on the representation of ignorance as the set of all possible probability distributions over individuals. We obtain a characterization of the observer's preferences that, under our most restrictive conditions, is a convex combination of Harsanyi's utilitarian and Rawls' egalitarian criteria. This representation is ethically meaningful, in the sense that individuals' utilities are cardinally measurable and fully comparable. This allows us to conclude that the impartiality requirement cannot be used to decide between Rawls' and Harsanyi's positions.

A propos de l’ouvrage d’Axel Gosseries : "Penser la justice entre les générations. De l’affaire Perruche à la réforme des retraites"Journal articleFeriel Kandil, Economies et Sociétés. Œconomia, série PE, Volume 38, pp. 1835-1840, 2006
Economic efficiency and Social justice: a prudential approach for public actionsBook chapterFeriel Kandil, In: Economy as a Polity, 2005, Volume 33, pp. 203-222, Glasshousse Press, 2005
Normative aspects of a European Social CitizenshipBook chapterFeriel Kandil, In: A European Social Citizenship? Preconditions for Future Policies in Historical Light, Margusson L. and Strath B. (Eds.), 2004, pp. 159-178, P.I.E. - Peter Lang, 2004
A propos de l’ouvrage de Arnaud Berthoud : Essais de philosophie économique. Platon, Aristote, Hobbes, A.Smith, MarxJournal articleFeriel Kandil, Cahiers d’économie politique / Papers in Political Economy, Volume 43, pp. 153‐159, 2002
Ricœur, Ralws and the idea of justiceBook chapterFeriel Kandil, In: Studies, Critical Theory series, Dierckxsens Geoffrey (Eds.), Brill Publishing, Forthcoming