At the interface between academic research and society, AMSE disseminates economic knowledge to non-academic audiences by:
- making the results of research accessible to everyone through its digital journal, Dialogues économiques, which publishes articles, videos and infographics,
- organizing outreach events (conferences, festivals, exhibitions),
- supporting researchers to contributing to the public debate (journalistic writing, press relations).
  • Dialogues économiques

Same-sex marriage: change the law, change your mind?

Since the Netherlands in 2001, only 34 countries have legalized same-sex marriage. Have these legal norms led to more benevolence towards same-sex couples? The work of economists Sylvie Blasco, Eva Moreno Galbis and Jeremy Tanguy reveals that the evolution of individual opinions depends on the adequacy of laws with the norm of one's community or partner.
Reference: Blasco S., Moreno Galbis E., Tanguy J., 2022, " Social Ties and the Influence of Public Policies on Individual Opinions : The Case of Same-Sex Marriage Laws ", The Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization, 38(1), 196 271.
May 24th 2023
  • Dialogues économiques

Geographical mobility : not all created equal!

What are the determinants of mobility in the labour market? Are some professions more mobile than others? Researchers Benoît Schmutz, Modibo Sidibé and Élie Vidal-Naquet reveal ways of influencing worker mobility in order to vitalise the labour market.
Reference: Schmutz B., Sidibé M., Vidal-Naquet É., 2021, "Why Are Low-Skilled Workers Less Mobile? The Role of Mobility Costs and Spatial Frictions", Annals of Economics and Statistics, 142, 283‑304.
May 09th 2023
  • Dialogues économiques

Can altruism reduce risk?

Bankruptcy, rising prices, epidemics... In economics, there are many risks. Is insurance really the only tool available to deal with them? According to economists Renaud Bourlès, Yann Bramoullé and Eduardo Perez-Richet, altruism also plays a key role. The ties that bind us to each other form a large network of mutual aid in the event of a major setback.
Reference: Bourlès R., Bramoullé Y., Perez-Richet E., 2021, "Altruism and Risk Sharing in Networks", Journal of the European Economic Association, 19(3), 1488‑1521.
April 26th 2023
  • Dialogues économiques

Judges are more lenient in Ramadan

Do fairness and fasting go together ? During Ramadan, judges of the Muslim faith pronounce 40 % more acquittals than usual. This excess of clemency has just been revealed by an analysis of 380,000 judicial cases handled by 8,500 magistrates in the Indian sub-continent by economists Sultan Mehmood, Avner Seror and Daniel L. Chen.
Reference: Mehmood S., Seror A., Chen D. L., 2023, "Ramadan fasting increases leniency in judges from Pakistan and India", Nature Human Behaviour, 1‑7.
April 12th 2023
  • Dialogues économiques

Self-employment, a status that comes at the cost of your health

Falling ill as a self-employed person or as a freelancer means facing a dilemma. Do you react as the company owner and focus on the financial continuity of your business, or do you react as an employee and take time off to recover? An international and multidisciplinary team of researchers shows that self-employed workers most often prefer the first option.
Reference: Steffen T., Paraponaris A., Van Hoof E., Lindbohm M. , Tamminga S., Alleaume C., Van Campenhout N., Sharp L., de Boer A., 2019 "Work-Related Outcomes in Self-Employed Cancer Survivors: A European Multi-Country Study". Journal of Occupational Rehabilitatio
March 28th 2023
  • Dialogues économiques

Rich minorities: an ideal scapegoat for autocracies

Wealthy ethnic minorities have a double advantage for autocracies: they are important for the economy and make perfect scapegoats for popular anger. This is a useful phenomenon for deflecting resentment against local authorities and delaying regime change.
Reference: Bramoullé Y., Morault P., 2021, 'Violence against Rich Ethnic Minorities : A Theory of Instrumental Scapegoating", Economica, 88(351), 724‑754.
March 14th 2023
  • Dialogues économiques

How to Reduce Income Inequalities Among different individuals?

Between age, social status, health, and education, we are not all equal when it comes to our income! However, even as equality becomes a major focus of study, most research concentrates on income disparities within homogeneous populations. In 2021, the economists Mathieu Faure and Nicolas Gravel developed a new way to measure inequality by looking at the differences between individuals. This small revolution can play a large role in the fight against the many faces of inequality.
Reference: Faure M., Gravel N., 2021. “Reducing Inequalities Among Unequals”, International Economic Review 62 (1) 357–404.
March 01st 2023
  • Dialogues économiques

In Europe everything is shared, even risk

Following the Covid-19 epidemic, the European economy has once more been shaken by the arrival of war in Ukraine. How can these ‘asymmetric’ shocks, affecting member states in different ways, be managed? Economists Gilles Dufrénot, Jean-Baptiste Gossé et Caroline Clerc argue the case for financial integration. Financial markets can reduce the adverse effects of financial crises by sharing the risk across European economies.
Reference: Dufrénot G., Gossé J.-B., Clerc C., 2021, “Risk Sharing in Europe: New Empirical Evidence on the Capital Markets Channel”, Applied Economics, 53 (2), 262–76.
February 15th 2023
  • Dialogues économiques

Pension policy, a lever for ecology?

While the reform of pensions and the reform of the ecological transition are being approached by the French government as two distinct issues, they could be more linked than it might seem. Economists Armel Ngami and Thomas Seegmuller look at the effect of a pay-as-you-go pension system, taking into account the evolution of capital and pollution, as well as the effectiveness of health and environmental policies.
Reference: Leonor M., Nourry C. , Seegmuller T., Venditti A. 2021. “Growth and Instability in a Small Open Economy with Debt.” Mathematical Social Sciences, Advances in growth and macroeconomic stability, 112 (Suppl C): 26–37.
February 01st 2023
  • Dialogues économiques

Are Artesian Aquifers an Endless Source of Water?

What do the Sahara Desert and Paris’ 16th arrondissement have in common? Both are located above a somewhat unusual water table: when you dig a hole in it, the water gushes out all on its own! The economists Hubert Stahn and Agnes Tomini examine this astonishing geological phenomenon in which the number of open wells does not impact the quantity of water in the water table, but rather the pressure that compresses its volume.
Reference: Stahn, H., & Tomini, A. (2016). On the environmental efficiency of water storage: The case of a conjunctive use of ground and rainwater. Environmental Modeling and Assessment, vol.21, 691–706.
January 04th 2023