Lucie Giorgi*, Karine Moukaddem**

Internal seminars
phd seminar

Lucie Giorgi*, Karine Moukaddem**

The introduction of co-education in French elementary schools during the 1960's*
Arab Spring Protests and Women’s Marriage Outcomes: Evidence from Egypt**

IBD Amphi

Îlot Bernard du Bois - Amphithéâtre

5-9 boulevard Maurice Bourdet
13001 Marseille

Tuesday, January 23 2024| 11:00am to 12:30pm

Lucie Giorgi: lucie.giorgi[at]
Ricardo Guzman: ricardo.guzman[at]
Natalia Labrador: natalia.labrador-bernate[at]
Nathan Vieira: nathan.vieira[at]


*This project aims to examine the gradual introduction of coeducation in French elementary schools during the 1960s. In the first part of the 20th century, French elementary schools were segregated by gender, except in small villages. In the 1958-1959 school year, 30% of elementary schools were coeducational. The change was made at various times across France, before becoming compulsory in 1975. I plan to exploit this difference in the implementation to study the effect of mixed-gender schools on education, occupation and family composition.

**The Egyptian Revolution of 2011 has triggered important socio-economic changes directly affecting women, who have played an unprecedented role in protests. However, few has been said on the consequences of exposure to Arab Spring protests on the Egyptian marriage market outcomes, notably for women. Using a novel unbalanced panel data from the Egypt Labour Market Panel Survey, this paper investigates the changes in marital payments, spousal characteristics and types of matches after the Arab Spring. Relying on governorate-level data, from the Statistical Database of the Egyptian Revolution, on demonstrators who died during protests, I exploit the variation in local exposure intensity to run a difference-in-difference strategy. I find that an increase of exposure to protests’ intensity of 1 percentage point is associated with a decline of 1.4% in the average bride price paid by the groom and his family at marriage to women married after 2011. It however increases the average deferred dower, promised by the grooms in case of separation, by 5.6%. This suggests that there might be a substitution effect between the two main types of marital payments. I also show that the higher exposure rises the probability of marrying a blood-related of 0.3% in most exposed governorates, which is in line with lower bride price levels.