Mario Carillo

job market seminar

Mario Carillo

Universita' di Napoli Federico II
Agricultural policy and long-run development: evidence from Mussolini’s battle for grain

IBD Salle 16

Îlot Bernard du Bois - Salle 16

5-9 boulevard Maurice Bourdet
13001 Marseille

Thursday, January 24 2019| 12:00pm to 1:15pm

This paper explores the effect of agricultural policies on industrialization and economic development over the long run. I analyze the differential effect of the Battle for Grain, implemented by the Italian Fascist regime to achieve self-sufficiency in wheat produc-tion, on the development path across areas of Italy. Employing time variation, along with cross-sectional variation in the suitability of land for implementing the advanced wheat production technologies, I find that the policy had unintended positive effects on industrialization and economic prosperity which have persisted until the present day. Furthermore, I find that the positive effect of the Battle for Grain on human capital accumulation was instrumental in this process, suggesting that the complementarity be-tween human capital and agricultural technology may be a critical mechanism through which agricultural productivity may enhance the development of non-agricultural sec-tors.