Situated between research and society, the DialogEco department works along 4 axes: knowledge sharing, the creation of instruments to help non-specialists understand current developments, public debates, and training. It operates via expertise provided to organisations and public bodies, lectures and forthcoming digital animation films.
Its review « Economic Dialogues », brings tools to understand economic mechanisms offering knowledge as a common good accessible to everyone. It is in partnership with the UCL review Regards économiques.
  • Economic dialogues

Blowing the whistle: from dissent to accountability in a democracy

The growing support for whistle-blowers’ right to protection illustrates the challenges facing democracy in its attempt to ensure transparency and accountability. With technology allowing new forms of governance, the scope for secrecy and obfuscation of state power has increased. In the attempt to balance the democratic need for transparency against existential threats to security, whistle-blowing is becoming the new standard for accountability.
Reference: Santoro, D and M. Kumar (2018). A Right to Protection of Whistleblowers. In Archibugi, D and A Emre Benli Claiming Citizenship Rights in Europe, 83-121, Routledge, London.
October 09th 2019
  • Economic dialogues

In Zambia, traditional beliefs increase maternal risk

In this little country located in Southern Africa, birth complications are not treated and access to contraception remains difficult. Besides having poor access to medical services, traditional beliefs make pregnant women hide their problems, a silence that increases the already high maternal mortality rate.
Reference: Traditional beliefs and learning about maternal risk in Zambia By N. Ashraf, E. Field, G. Rusconi, A. Voena, R. Ziparo
September 25th 2019
  • Economic dialogues

Can the market be ethical?

Combining markets and ethics isn’t easy, and the numerous frauds and scams that intervene at regular intervals don’t help. Should we be looking for more competition to reach efficiency or, on the contrary, seeking market regulation? To respond to this dilemma, economist Marie Claire Villeval uses experimental tools.
Reference: The Nature of Lies in Financial Markets: the Role of Reputation and Competition, C. Tergiman, M.C. Villeval, 2019.
September 11th 2019
  • Economic dialogues

Sovereign wealth funds: just a fashion?

The Qatari Sovereign Wealth Fund owns the PSG football team, more than 6 hotels and shares in Lagardère or Total, to name but a few of their assets. That’s enough to attract some concern. However, it’s simply following a world trend since the beginning of the 21st century. More than 45% of existing wealth funds were created between 2000 and 2009. Economists C. Lecourt, J. Amar, and V. Kinon explain what’s behind this “craze”.
Reference: Is the Emergence of New Sovereign Wealth Funds a Fashion Phenomenon, C. LECOURT, J. AMAR, V. KINON, 2017.
August 28th 2019
  • Economic dialogues

Blowing the whistle : a new European agreement

In April 2019, at the insistence of the civil society, the European Parliament enacted a new agreement for better protection of whistle-blowers. This is potentially good news not only for human rights but also in the fight against corruption. This proposal is bound to take the EU a step closer in its fight against corruption and push the member states to move in a similar direction.
Reference: Santoro, D and M. Kumar (2018). A Right to Protection of Whistleblowers. In Archibugi, D and A Emre Benli Claiming Citizenship Rights in Europe, 83-121, Routledge, London. 
August 14th 2019
  • Economic dialogues

Entrepreneurial motivations impact business performance

Microcredits help microenterprises get started. They are an innovative way to address financial exclusion and unemployment. But business performance is closely linked to entrepreneurial motivation. Renaud Bourlès and Anastasia Cozarenco show that businesses started by « necessity » are less likely to make profits than those that are the result of « opportunity ». So differentiating between entrepreneurial motivations is a challenge for public policies.
Reference: R. Bourlès, A. Cozarenco, Entrepreneurial motivation and business performance: evidence from a French Microfinance Institution, 2017.
July 19th 2019
  • Economic dialogues

Whistle-blowing is not just necessary, it’s also measurable

Whistle-blowing has been the subject of far-reaching discussions regarding its justification and its legal support. Although there is a range of laws protecting those who blow the whistle, especially in the G20 countries, whistle-blowers are still at risk. Enhancing their protection seems to be a challenge. Examining the issue, political philosophers Manohar Kumar and Daniele Santoro call for better protection backed up by a set of assessments. They reopen the debate through a three-part series of articles.
Reference: A justification of whistleblowing, Manohar Kumar, Daniele Santoro, Philosophy and Social Criticism, 2017.
July 15th 2019
  • Economic dialogues

Of rice and folly in Cambodia: from Angkor to Democratic Kampuchea

From the Angkor Empire to Democratic Kampuchea, Cambodia has been in turn a land of plenty and of poverty, a prosperous and then battered country. Connecting these two stories, historian Ben Kiernan draws a line: Cambodia has always been a master in the art of rice-growing. Since the glacial era, climatic conditions have shaped a fertile land, home to both the Khmer civilisation and modern Democratic Kampuchea.
Reference: Interview of Ben Kiernan, professor of History at Yale University
July 03rd 2019
  • Economic dialogues

PORTFOLIO - Between permanency and change: Cambodia and its culture

Econdialog interviewed Ben Kiernan, professor of History at Yale University, about Cambodian history. He explains how its natural resources are a key to understanding the glory of the Angkor Empire. Cambodia was a land of plenty.
July 03rd 2019
  • Economic dialogues

Addressing inequalities through the social ladder

Going beyond the battle against income inequalities, some look to equal opportunities as a way of offering everyone the same chances and enabling deprived people to escape the poverty trap. Social mobility gives everyone the chance to move upwards. Economists Cowell and Flachaire present a mobility index to add to the existing inequality measures.
Reference: Measuring mobility, F. A. Cowell and E. Flachaire, Quantitative Economics
June 19th 2019